Certification of production of system obligatory and
voluntary certifications

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On July 25, 2012 under the chairmanship of Head Rosstandart G. I. Elkina meeting of Board of Rosstandart on a subject "Main tasks" under the chairmanship of Head Rosstandart G. I. took place on July 25, 2012. Elkina meeting of Board of Rosstandart on a subject "Main tasks" took place

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On July 25, 2012 under the chairmanship of Head Rosstandart G. I. Elkina meeting of Board of Rosstandart on a subject "Main tasks" under the chairmanship of Head Rosstandart G. I. took place on July 25, 2012.

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Certification. Production certification. Certification systems: obligatory certification, voluntary certification

Certification. Production certification. Certification systems: obligatory certification, voluntary certification
 
Certification is a form of conformity confirmation of objects (productions/services, quality systems, the personnel, workplaces and etc) to requirements of technical regulations, provisions of standards or conditions of contracts. At this form confirmation is carried out by the third party.

 Confirmation of compliance is made out by the documentary certificate of a certain order: the certificate of conformity or the compliance declaration for party, a series, group of the goods and mark on each commodity unit.

Compliance confirmation is  documentary procedure of conformity confirmation  of certification objects to requirements of technical  regulations, to operating standards and/or conditions of contracts.

To confirm conformity is possible in a voluntary or obligatory form.

Obligatory certification

Obligatory certification can be with issue both certificate and the declaration of conformity.

 The goods  which the certificate extends on, should be marked by a sign of compliance which is accepted in certification system. The compliance sign is a combination of the letters "RST" and means the standard name — R (Russian) ST (Standard).

The sign of compliance which according to rules of system of certification, confirms compliance of marked production to the regulated requirements.

Confirmation of compliance provides achievement of the purposes:
— the certificate of compliance and processes of life cycle of production (works/services) (or other objects) to the technical regulations, an operating standard, conditions of contracts;
— increase competitiveness of productions/works/services in the domestic and foreign markets;
— help in a competent choice to purchasers of production (works/services);
— creation of conditions of free moving production on the territory of the Russian Federation, and also possibility of international trade.

Obligatory certification confirms the obligatory requirements established by the law.

The certificate of conformity and compliance sign within obligatory certification acts on all territory of the Russian Federation.
Voluntary certification

Voluntary certification is entered by the Federal Law of technical regulation. The applicant (manufacturer/seller/performer) takes initiative on itself with a view  to confirm compliance of productions/services to requirements of state standards, to a standard of the organizations, certification systems, conditions of contracts.

Voluntary certification can't replace obligatory certification.

To create a system of voluntary certification can: the legal entity, the individual as the individual businessman or both specified subjects. This change (in relation to the Law Russian Federation «About certification of production and services») reflects enterprise character of this form of certification.

On production which has passed obligatory certification, it is possible in a voluntary order, to carry out additional tests for compliance to more expanded requirements which will define quality of production.

In Russia obligatory certification, abroad — voluntary prevails. It should be noted that in the conditions of market economy voluntary certification promotes overcoming of trading barriers, competitiveness increase.

This system expands confirmation of compliance of domestic and imported production to requirements of state standards, without being limited by the international, regional and national standards of other countries. In the voluntary certificate information is consolidated not only about  safety, but also about  all consumer properties of production. Therefore for the buyer voluntary system is more informative than obligatory one.

Thus, voluntary certification carries out more wide range of tasks in  contrast to the obligatory certification that confirms safety.

The established tendency conducts to reduction of the product range which is subject to obligatory certification that promotes expansion of voluntary certification.

Voluntary certification is  the market instrument of fight against falsification. Production marking by a sign of compliance of this system shows that production is made "legally" by the producer who guarantees its quality and safety.

Certification of production order

Certification schemes are the cumulative actions accepted as confirmation of compliance to production to these requirements. Basic aspect of the scheme’s choice is specificity of production. The scheme in a recommendatory order is offered by the center of certification or the applicant.

Order of certification of production carrying out

It is possible to allocate the main stages of certification:
application;
consideration and decision-making;
sampling for tests;
visit for the purpose of production check (depending on the scheme);

analysis of results, decision-making of issue of the certificate;
issue of the certificate of conformity;
inspection control of certificated production (depending on the certification scheme).

Production on which the certificate is made out, should be marked by the sign of compliance accepted in this system of certification.

Marking drawing on production is carried out by the manufacturer/seller.